Emma, Madison, Abigail and Olivia have to walk through a long dark tunnel. They only have one torch between them so a maximum of two people can go through the tunnel at any one time. Each person takes a different amount of time to get through the tunnel and if two people walk together they must walk at the rate of the slowest.
Emma takes 2 minutes,
Madison takes 4 minutes,
Abigail takes 7 minutes,
Olivia takes 8 minutes.
What is the least amount of time for all four to walk through the tunnel?
If Abigail and Olivia walk through the tunnel together it will take 8 minutes, If Abigail then walks the torch back through the tunnel a total of 15 minutes will have passed. Continue till all four are at the other end of the tunnel.
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Emma and Madison walk through taking 4 minutes
Emma walks back with the torch taking 2 minutes [6 minutes total]
Abigail and Olivia walk through taking 8 minutes [14 minutes total]
Madison walks back with the torch taking 4 minutes [18 minutes total]
Emma and Madison walk through taking 4 minutes [22 minutes total]
Note to teacher: Doing this activity once with a class helps students develop strategies. It is only when they do this activity a second time that they will have the opportunity to practise those strategies. That is when the learning is consolidated. Click the button above to regenerate another version of this starter with different numbers and names.
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Teacher, do your students have
access to computers?
Here a concise URL for a version of this page without the comments.
Here is the URL which will take them to Tran Tunnels, a mathematical adventure.