Could a person who has not learned about Roman numerals work out which centurian does not get a shield?
Tweet  Share 
Topics: Starter  Arithmetic
How did you use this starter? Can you suggest
how teachers could present or develop this resource? Do you have any comments? It is always useful to receive
feedback and helps make this free resource even more useful for Maths teachers anywhere in the world.
Click here to enter your comments.
If you don't have the time to provide feedback we'd really appreciate it if you could give this page a score! We are constantly improving and adding to these starters so it would be really helpful to know which ones are most useful. Simply click on a button below:
Previous Day  This starter is for 25 October  Next Day
Note to teacher: Doing this activity once with a class helps students develop strategies. It is only when they do this activity a second time that they will have the opportunity to practise those strategies. That is when the learning is consolidated. Click the button above to regenerate another version of this starter from random numbers.
Sign in to your Transum subscription account to see the answers
Your access to the majority of the Transum resources continues to be free but you can help support the continued growth of the website by doing your Amazon shopping using the links on this page. Below is an Amazon search box and some items I have chosen and recommend to get you started. As an Amazon Associate I earn a small amount from qualifying purchases which helps pay for the upkeep of this website.
Teacher, do your students have
access to computers? 

Here a concise URL for a version of this page without the comments.
Transum.org/go/?Start=October25
Here is the URL which will take them to an interactive jigsaw puzzle of Roman numerals.
If you are not an expert on Roman numerals here is an explanation:
Symbol  Value 
I  1 
V  5 
X  10 
L  50 
C  100 
D  500 
M  1,000 
Numbers are formed by combining symbols together. So II is two ones, i.e. 2, and XIII is a ten and three ones, i.e. 13. There is no zero in this system, so 207, for example, is CCVII, using the symbols for two hundreds, a five and two ones. 1066 is MLXVI, one thousand, fifty and ten, a five and a one.
Symbols are placed from left to right in order of value, starting with the largest. However, in a few specific cases, to avoid four characters being repeated in succession (such as IIII or XXXX) these can be reduced using subtractive notation as follows:
Explanation adapted from the Wikepedia article on Roman numerals.
Which clockface is the odd one out?
The answer can be found by looking closely at the roman numerals used.
What is my name?
Five hundred is at my end and at my start.
The number five is at my heart.
The first letter is second to appear,
But the first number completes me clear.